White Paper. Pathways to Strengthen the Pre-primary Workforce in Low- and Middle-income Countries


The aim of this paper is to supports the ways countries may go about developing or strengthening their pre-primary workforce. There are multiple pathways to competent and effective workforce that may be relevant to different country context and that may combine different level of qualifications, with training and retention strategies in support of developing adapted career trajectories for pre-primary teachers. Our focus in this paper is to summarize the background evidence and research available in the area of pre-primary workforce development that can in turn support the outline of options and pathways to be developed further through in the next part of the work.


UNICEF/Jan Peeters, Ay├ža Alayli, Marilou Hyson and Hsiao-Chen Lin

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